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中国钢琴网 > 钢琴资讯 > 最新动态 > 学钢琴的最佳年龄 The best age to learn the piano.
学钢琴的最佳年龄 The best age to learn the piano.
2019-05-08 14:05          点击:
学钢琴的最佳年龄 The best age to learn the piano.

波兰著名钢琴家霍夫曼说:“学钢琴的最佳年龄?只要有才华,而且能注入正确的努力,从几岁开始都无妨。”显然,这个答案也不尽人意。家长们希望得到一个比较准确的数字,到底几岁是学钢琴的最佳年龄?

The famous Polish pianist hoffmann said: "What is the best age to learn the piano? It doesn't matter how old you are as long as you have talent and the right injection of effort. Obviously, the answer is not good. Parents want a more accurate figure, so what is the best age to learn the piano?

有许多人认为学钢琴的最佳年龄是越早越好。的确,音乐史上许多名家都是从小学习钢琴的:莫扎特3岁学琴、贝多芬4岁学琴、肖邦6岁学琴。目前,风靡世界乐坛的我国青年钢琴家朗朗也是从3岁学习钢琴。正因为中外有这么多音乐家从小学习钢琴而成名的先例,所以,学钢琴的最佳年龄越早越好的论点一直为世人所推崇。

Many people believe that the best age to learn the piano is the earlier the better. Indeed, many of the greatest musicians in the history of music learned the piano at an early age: Mozart at three, Beethoven at four, and Chopin at six. At present, lang lang, a young pianist who is popular in the world music circle, has been learning the piano since he was 3 years old. Because there are so many Chinese and foreign musicians who have become famous by learning the piano from an young age, the argument that it is better to learn the piano as early as possible has always been respected by the world.

但是,我们也应清醒地认识到,一个伟大的艺术家的成功与否,不仅需要个人的努力及卓越的自身条件,还受到家庭环境、社会环境、人文环境等多方面因素的制约。所以,我们必须以儿童动作发展为科学依据来确定学钢琴的最佳年龄。

 

However, we should also be soberly aware that the success of a great artist requires not only individual efforts and  own excellent conditions, but also influenced by the family environment, social environment, human environment and other factors. Therefore, we must take the child movement development as the scientific basis to determine the best age to learn the piano.

从生理学、心理学角度考虑,孩子在5、6岁以后,无论大脑的发育,还是注意力、认知能力、理解力等方面都具备了良好的前提。在教学实践中也发现,年龄稍大的孩子接受能力更强、自觉性更高、学习进度更快,甚至于学一年可以超过3、4岁的孩子学几年。

 

From the perspective of physiology and psychology, after the age of 5 or 6, children have a good premise in brain development, attention, cognitive ability, understanding and other aspects. In teaching practice, it is also found that older children are more receptive, more self-conscious, and learn faster, and after learning a year, they can be better than four years old children who already learnt for several years.

这里,我们必须提醒家长们的是,早有一些著名钢琴家和钢琴教师一再强调:“正式的钢琴学习,不可以开始得太早”(匈牙利著名钢琴家费尔德斯语)。因为可以开始学和一定能开始学并不是一个概念。

Here, we must remind parents that some famous pianists and piano teachers have repeatedly stressed: "formal piano learning, can not start too early" (Hungarian famous pianist felders once said). Because to be able to start and to be ready to start is not the same thing.

让孩子先用他们的耳朵聆听音乐,接受音乐的感染熏陶;让他们用嘴替代乐队,替代钢琴,替代一切乐器唱出他们心中的音乐;让他们用手学卡拉扬、学小泽征尔、学陈燮阳那样神往地去指挥音乐;用他们的脚,踏着音乐的节奏舞之蹈之……

Let the child listen to music with their ears first, accept the infection edification of music; Let them use their mouths instead of bands, pianos and all instruments to sing their heart's music; Let them learn with their hands from seiji ozawa and seiji to conduct the music with such ecstasy. With their feet, dancing with the beat of music...

也许这才应该是音乐家成长的最佳设计。家长和教师,不应太过执着追求学钢琴的最佳年龄这样一个具体数字,过早地让孩子去做十分为难于他们的精密的技能动作训练。我们呼吁家长们还是让孩子们多一点天性发展,多一些寓学于游戏、玩耍之中的时间。

Maybe that's the best way to grow as a musician. Parents and teachers, should not be too persistent in the pursuit of the best age to learn the piano as a specific number and to let the child to do precise skills and movements training in an early age. We appeal to parents to let their children get more natural development, more learning in the game, play in the time.


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